Tag Archives: Cytosine

DNA, RNA & Heredity Genetic Code

Information is Stored in the Code Letters of DNA

  • All hereditary information is stored in genes, which are parts of giant DNA molecules
  • Genes code for the amino acids of proteins
  • DNA is the archival copy of the code- kept in nucleus where it is protected & repaired
  • DNA is organized with special proteins into chromosomes
  • For protein synthesis a working copy of the code is made from RNA
  • Overall scheme: DNA -> RNA -> protein
  • Another version: “One gene, one enzyme”

The Code is Based Upon the Structure of DNA