In shoulder replacement surgery, doctors replace the ends of the damaged upper arm bone (humerus) and usually the shoulder bone (scapula) or cap them with artificial surfaces lined with plastic or metal and plastic. Shoulder joint components may be held in place with cement, or they may be made with material that allows new bone to grow into the joint component over time to hold it in place without cement.
JOINT REPLACEMENT SURGERY
Joint replacement is one of the most common and successful operations in modern orthopaedic surgery. It consists of replacing painful, arthritic, worn or diseased parts of the joint with artificial surfaces shaped in such a way as to allow joint movement.
Arthroplasty is a common but loose term for joint replacement. Other types of surgery are also arthroplasties. Other common and valid synonyms are total joint replacement, total joint arthroplasty, joint resurfacing and artificial joint surgery.