Repairing Organs with the Touch of a Nano-Chip

Nanochip could heal injuries or regrow organs with one touch by a device that instantly delivers new DNA or RNA into living skin cells to change their function.

What’s a nano chip?
A nanochip is an electronic integrated circuit so small that it can only be measured in the
nanometer scale. The nanochip scale has been the goal of modern technology. With nanochips it would be possible to have computers the size of micro SD cards but thousands of times more powerful because so many more components could fit in a very small space.

How can nano chip help in repairing organs?
This is a new way to change cells inside the body from one type to another with just one touch from a nanochip. This new technology, called “tissue nanotransfection,” could be used to repair and regenerate body tissues, including organs, in a way that is non-invasive and painless.

TISSUE NANOTRANSFECTION – THE NEW TECHNOLOGY
Tissue Nanotransfection (TNT) injects genetic code into skin cells, turning those skin cells into other types of cells required for treating diseased conditions. According to the researchers, it offers an exciting development when it comes to repairing damaged tissue, offering the possibility of turning a patient’s own tissue into a “bioreactor” to produce cells to either repair nearby tissues, or for use at another site.

How it Works
It is done in a tiny device that sits on the surface of the skin of a living body. An intense, focused electric field is then applied across the device, allowing it to deliver genes to the skin cells beneath it – turning them into different types of cells.

Experimental Proof
This was done in a Mouse’s Leg whose vascular scan showed poor blood flow in legs. Synthetic
DNA was sent into mouse’s leg using electric current. The synthetic DNA turned skin cells into
blood vessels. In two weeks the blood flow was restored.

Upcoming Innovations
Ohio State University created a non-invasive chip that uses Tissue Nanotransfection to alter skin cells into cells of any kind according to their study . Researchers say it may be able to heal anything from nerve damage to brain injuries. It’s only been tested on mice and pigs, but researchers hope to start clinical trials on humans in 2018.

Reference

  • https://spectrum.ieee.org/video/biomedical/devices/repairing-organs-with-the-touch-of-a-nanochip
  • https://medicine.osu.edu/regenerativemedicine/pressandrecognition/tissue%20nanotransfection/pages/index.aspx
  • http://www.businessinsider.in/Scientists-are-testing-out-a-device-that-could-heal-organs-and-braininjuries-in-seconds/articleshow/60075744.cms
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